Glossary

International Standard Dances

Waltz: The romantic Slow Waltz is an offspring of the faster Viennese Waltz in 3/4 time. The rhythm was gradually slowed down over time as songwriters of ballads and love songs chose to compose in a slower and more comfortable tempo.

Foxtrot: The Foxtrot remains the most popular social dance in the world today. The International Foxtrot is one of the most deceiving dances as it looks very easy, but is one of the most difficult dances to do well.

Tango: The Tango is a progressive dance moving along the line of dance using body movement. A staccato movement of the feet and flexed knees highlight the dramatic style of the Tango.

Viennese Waltz: The Viennese Waltz is a fast waltz. The music is fast in tempo and sends the couples whirling around the floor–first one way, then another.

Quickstep: As the name implies, the Quickstep is a very quick and lively dance, comprised of hops, skips, and kicks. The dance began as a quick version of Foxtrot mixed with the Charleston, and musical “Jazz” influences.

International Latin Dances:

Cha-Cha: Energetic and sassy, the Cha-Cha is danced to authentic Latin music or Latin Pop. It is an offshoot of the Mambo.

Rumba: The Rumba is known as the “dance of love.” Danced to romantic, Latin love songs, it is fun and quite easy to learn.

Samba: Often difficult to master, the Samba is a lively Brazilian dance consisting of many jumps and turns. The Samba is an extremely fast dance.

Paso Doble: Meaning “two step” in Spanish, Pasa Doble is a lively, march-like dance with significantly less hip movement.

Jive: A variation of the Jitterbug, the Jive consists of dance steps derived from country dancing.

American Smooth dances

Waltz: The romantic Slow Waltz is an offspring of the faster Viennese Waltz in 3/4 time. The rhythm was gradually slowed down over time as songwriters of ballads and love songs chose to compose in a slower and more comfortable tempo.

Foxtrot: The Foxtrot remains the most popular social dance in the world today. The International Foxtrot is one of the most deceiving dances as it looks very easy, but is one of the most difficult dances to do well.

Tango: The Tango is a progressive dance moving along the line of dance using body movement. A staccato movement of the feet and flexed knees highlight the dramatic style of the Tango.

Viennese Waltz: The Viennese Waltz is a fast waltz. The music is fast in tempo and sends the couples whirling around the floor–first one way, then another.

American Rhythm Dances

Cha-Cha: Energetic and sassy, the Cha-Cha is danced to authentic Latin music or Latin Pop. It is an offshoot of the Mambo.

Rumba: The Rumba is known as the “dance of love.” Danced to romantic, Latin love songs, it is fun and quite easy to learn.

East Coast Swing: This dance is frequently referred to as Triple Step Swing due to the rhythm of the basic triple step. This dance consists of six and eight count patterns, which require a rock step back by both lead and woman to begin.

Bolero: Originally a Spanish dance in 3/4 time, the Bolero was modified in Cuba to become 2/4 time, then eventually into 4/4. It is now present as a very slow type of Rumba rhythm.

Mambo: Mambo is a spicy dance as we know it now. The Mambo is a spot dance and the steps are quite compact.